Health complications associated with hypertension
Great importance is paid to the treatment of high blood pressure and there are very good reasons for it.
The blood produces an excessive pressure on the artery walls, organs of the body. High blood pressure lasting for a long period of time can damage health and cause serious complications. Hypertension should be controlled and treated to prevent very serious life-threatening conditions.
Poorly controlled or uncontrolled blood pressure often leads to heart attack or stroke. These events are related to hardening of the arteries and the disease called atherosclerosis.
An excessive localized enlargement of an artery caused by a weakening of the artery wall is known as aneurysm. The forming of aneurysm imposes a great risk for health. If it ruptures, a potentially lethal event with mortality rate as high as 50-60 percent can happen.
Severe failure of the heart to function properly is called heart failure. It can be a cause of death if heart failure occurs second time. In this condition the heart cannot pump the blood in the blood vessels because of higher pressure in the vessels. The heart fails to function properly and perform its main function – meet the body’s needs of blood.
Metabolic syndrome can be one of the complications from the high blood pressure. This syndrome involves various markers such as increased body weight, low high-density lipoprotein, high triglycerides, high insulin and others which can increase the chances of a person for diabetes and heart disease occurrence.
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If you find that your blood pressure is over the normal one, have a consultation with your doctor. If your blood pressure is very high, you should get immediate medical help.
Do not self-treat and do not ignore this condition. High blood pressure may be very dangerous and even fatal for people.
Micardis lowers the risks associated with hypertension
One of the common medicines prescribed for hypertension today is Micardis. This medicine keeps blood vessels wide, improves blood flow, reduces the tension and the blood pressure gets lower.
Micardis may be prescribed as a single therapy or with other medicines. It is necessary to take this medicine as your doctor prescribes it. The treatment will help to avoid such serious cardiac events as heart failure, heart attack and death related to heart problem.
By improving the blood pressure level, Micardis also helps to prevent such conditions as diabetes, stroke, and kidney damage.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a medical condition when systolic blood pressure is over 140 and diastolic blood pressure is consistently over 90.
Systolic is the pressure produced by heart beats, diastolic pressure is the pressure in the vessels between heartbeats.
People with hypertension may have other disorders such as retinal system disease, atherosclerosis, heart failure and others. Hypertension deteriorates the development of atherosclerosis and causes damages to the blood vessels.
Some individuals may have hypertension without any symptoms of the disease.
The pre-condition is called pre-hypertension and is characterized by such figures:
Systolic blood pressure is between 120 and 139.
Diastolic blood pressure is between 80 and 89.
People with pre-hypertension are at higher risk to have high blood pressure.
Knowing both your systolic and diastolic blood pressure numbers is essential and could save your life.
A normal systolic blood pressure is beneath120. When a person has systolic blood pressure, which is from 120 up to 139, it shows that this person has prehypertension. This is an edge demonstrating that there is a higher risk for such person to get hypertension and heart disease.
With the number of systolic blood pressure over 140, a person is reckoned as having hypertension.
The diastolic blood pressure number should be normally less than 80. When the problem is on the rise, this number may be from 80 up to 89 and is considered as prehypertension.
A person, with diastolic blood pressure number higher than 90, is regarded as having hypertension.
If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, you should be careful in your lifestyle and consider certain changes. Measuring of the blood pressure should become regular for you.
May be your doctor will adjust your antihypertensive, the medicine serving for lowering your blood pressure level.
The patient should not use this drug if having the allergy to telmisartan.
You should restrict alcohol drinking. Alcohol can lower the blood pressure and may come out some of the drug side effects.
When you are prescribed to take telmisartan you should not combine it with salt substitutes or potassium supplements.
You are recommended to check the blood pressure regularly and even often. The consulting with the personal doctor should be regular too.
If you are being cured for high blood pressure, continue taking this drug even if your health conditions seem to be well. It often occurs that the high blood pressure has no clear symptoms. Most patients need to take drugs for high blood pressure permanently.
Rarely telmisartan drug can give rise to a breakdown of musculoskeletal tissues resulting into renal failure. If you have noticed unexplained muscle pain or weakness especially if you also have fever, or feel uncommon tiredness, or have dark colored urine you are recommended to call your doctor immediately.
Women who plan to be pregnant or are pregnant should inform their doctor about it as soon as possible. When used in pregnancy during the second and third trimesters, this drug may act on the renin-angiotensin system in the way that can be harmful for an unborn baby and lead to fatality to the developing fetus.
Patients taking Micardis medication may have slight dizziness or lightheadedness in the first days of the treatment. It may be linked to hypotension and should be reported to a doctor. Such patients may need special dose adjustments or tests to be sure that Micardis is safe for them. Lightheadedness, fainting and other signs of hypotension should be immediately reported to a doctor.
A patient taking Micardis should not use potassium supplements.
MIcardis may affect mental alertness due to such side effects as dizzeness, fainting, somnolence and others. Patients with such side effects should not engage in potentially dangerous activities including driving, operating machinery or any other activity demanding mental attentiveness.
Telmisartan restricts the vasoconstrictor and effects of certain chemicals in the body (causing cardiac stimulation) by cordoning the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 receptor in different tissues of the body. Both AT1 and AT2 receptors are related to cardiovascular homeostasis and found in the adrenal gland and vascular smooth muscle.
The treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) involves the blockade process of rennin-angiotensin system with ACE inhibitors. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade is one of the principle things in the treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease. Telmisartan is an angiotensin II receptor blocker with a profound antihypertensive specific effect. However Telmisartan does not affect any other hormone receptors or ion channels responsible for normalization of cardiovascular work.
The diuretic effect of Hydrochlorothiazide is involved in the renal tubular mechanisms of electrolyte reabsorption. The effect of the drug is increased excretion of sodium salt and chloride. In addition the drug decreases plasma volume, enlarges aldosterone secretion and urinary potassium loss.